AskDefine | Define wound

The Collaborative Dictionary

Wind \Wind\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wound (wound) (rarely Winded); p. pr. & vb. n. Winding.] [OE. winden, AS. windan; akin to OS. windan, D. & G. winden, OHG. wintan, Icel. & Sw. vinda, Dan. vinde, Goth. windan (in comp.). Cf. Wander, Wend.] [1913 Webster]
To turn completely, or with repeated turns; especially, to turn about something fixed; to cause to form convolutions about anything; to coil; to twine; to twist; to wreathe; as, to wind thread on a spool or into a ball. [1913 Webster] Whether to wind The woodbine round this arbor. --Milton. [1913 Webster]
To entwist; to infold; to encircle. [1913 Webster] Sleep, and I will wind thee in arms. --Shak. [1913 Webster]
To have complete control over; to turn and bend at one's pleasure; to vary or alter or will; to regulate; to govern. "To turn and wind a fiery Pegasus." --Shak. [1913 Webster] In his terms so he would him wind. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Gifts blind the wise, and bribes do please And wind all other witnesses. --Herrick. [1913 Webster] Were our legislature vested in the prince, he might wind and turn our constitution at his pleasure. --Addison. [1913 Webster]
To introduce by insinuation; to insinuate. [1913 Webster] You have contrived . . . to wind Yourself into a power tyrannical. --Shak. [1913 Webster] Little arts and dexterities they have to wind in such things into discourse. --Gov. of Tongue. [1913 Webster]
To cover or surround with something coiled about; as, to wind a rope with twine. [1913 Webster] To wind off, to unwind; to uncoil. To wind out, to extricate. [Obs.] --Clarendon. To wind up. (a) To coil into a ball or small compass, as a skein of thread; to coil completely. (b) To bring to a conclusion or settlement; as, to wind up one's affairs; to wind up an argument. (c) To put in a state of renewed or continued motion, as a clock, a watch, etc., by winding the spring, or that which carries the weight; hence, to prepare for continued movement or action; to put in order anew. "Fate seemed to wind him up for fourscore years." --Dryden. "Thus they wound up his temper to a pitch." --Atterbury. (d) To tighten (the strings) of a musical instrument, so as to tune it. "Wind up the slackened strings of thy lute." --Waller. [1913 Webster]
Wind \Wind\, v. t. [From Wind, moving air, but confused in sense and in conjugation with wind to turn.] [imp. & p. p. Wound (wound), R. Winded; p. pr. & vb. n. Winding.] To blow; to sound by blowing; esp., to sound with prolonged and mutually involved notes. "Hunters who wound their horns." --Pennant. [1913 Webster] Ye vigorous swains, while youth ferments your blood, .
Wound \Wound\, imp. & p. p. of Wind to twist, and Wind to sound by blowing. [1913 Webster]
Wound \Wound\ (?; 277), n. [OE. wounde, wunde, AS. wund; akin to OFries. wunde, OS. wunda, D. wonde, OHG. wunta, G. wunde, Icel. und, and to AS., OS., & G. wund sore, wounded, OHG. wunt, Goth. wunds, and perhaps also to Goth. winnan to suffer, E. win. [root]140. Cf. Zounds.] [1913 Webster]
A hurt or injury caused by violence; specifically, a breach of the skin and flesh of an animal, or in the substance of any creature or living thing; a cut, stab, rent, or the like. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Showers of blood Rained from the wounds of slaughtered Englishmen. --Shak. [1913 Webster]
Fig.: An injury, hurt, damage, detriment, or the like, to feeling, faculty, reputation, etc. [1913 Webster]
(Criminal Law) An injury to the person by which the skin is divided, or its continuity broken; a lesion of the body, involving some solution of continuity. [1913 Webster] Note: Walker condemns the pronunciation woond as a "capricious novelty." It is certainly opposed to an important principle of our language, namely, that the Old English long sound written ou, and pronounced like French ou or modern English oo, has regularly changed, when accented, into the diphthongal sound usually written with the same letters ou in modern English, as in ground, hound, round, sound. The use of ou in Old English to represent the sound of modern English oo was borrowed from the French, and replaced the older and Anglo-Saxon spelling with u. It makes no difference whether the word was taken from the French or not, provided it is old enough in English to have suffered this change to what is now the common sound of ou; but words taken from the French at a later time, or influenced by French, may have the French sound. [1913 Webster] Wound gall (Zool.), an elongated swollen or tuberous gall on the branches of the grapevine, caused by a small reddish brown weevil (Ampeloglypter sesostris) whose larvae inhabit the galls. [1913 Webster]
Wound \Wound\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wounded; p. pr. & vb. n. Wounding.] [AS. wundian. [root]140. See Wound, n.] [1913 Webster]
To hurt by violence; to produce a breach, or separation of parts, in, as by a cut, stab, blow, or the like. [1913 Webster] The archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers. --1 Sam. xxxi.
[1913 Webster]
To hurt the feelings of; to pain by disrespect, ingratitude, or the like; to cause injury to. [1913 Webster] When ye sin so against the brethren, and wound their weak conscience, ye sin against Christ. --1 Cor. viii.
[1913 Webster]
coiled \coiled\ (koild), adj. curled or wound especially in concentric rings or spirals; as, a coiled snake ready to strike; the rope lay coiled on the deck. Opposite of uncoiled. Note: [Narrower terms: coiling, helical, spiral, spiraling, volute, voluted, whorled; convolute rolled longitudinally upon itself;curled, curled up; involute closely coiled so that the axis is obscured); looped, whorled; twined, twisted; convoluted; involute, rolled esp of petals or leaves in bud: having margins rolled inward); wound] [WordNet 1.5]

Word Net

wind

Noun

1 air moving (sometimes with considerable force) from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure; "trees bent under the fierce winds"; "when there is no wind, row"; "the radioactivity was being swept upwards by the air current and out into the atmosphere" [syn: air current, current of air]
2 a tendency or force that influences events; "the winds of change"
3 breath; "the collision knocked the wind out of him"
4 empty rhetoric or insincere or exaggerated talk; "that's a lot of wind"; "don't give me any of that jazz" [syn: idle words, jazz, nothingness]
5 an indication of potential opportunity; "he got a tip on the stock market"; "a good lead for a job" [syn: tip, lead, steer, confidential information, hint]
6 a musical instrument in which the sound is produced by an enclosed column of air that is moved by the breath [syn: wind instrument]
7 a reflex that expels intestinal gas through the anus [syn: fart, farting, flatus, breaking wind]
8 the act of winding or twisting; "he put the key in the old clock and gave it a good wind" [syn: winding, twist]

Verb

1 to move or cause to move in a sinuous, spiral, or circular course; "the river winds through the hills"; "the path meanders through the vineyards"; "sometimes, the gout wanders through the entire body" [syn: weave, thread, meander, wander]
2 extend in curves and turns; "The road winds around the lake" [syn: curve]
3 wrap or coil around; "roll your hair around your finger"; "Twine the thread around the spool" [syn: wrap, roll, twine] [ant: unwind]
4 catch the scent of; get wind of; "The dog nosed out the drugs" [syn: scent, nose]
5 coil the spring of (some mechanical device) by turning a stem; "wind your watch" [syn: wind up]
6 form into a wreath [syn: wreathe]
7 raise or haul up with or as if with mechanical help; "hoist the bicycle onto the roof of the car" [syn: hoist, lift] [also: wound]
wound adj : put in a coil

Noun

1 any break in the skin or an organ caused by violence or surgical incision [syn: lesion]
2 a casualty to military personnel resulting from combat [syn: injury, combat injury]
3 a figurative injury (to your feelings or pride); "he feared that mentioning it might reopen the wound"; "deep in her breast lives the silent wound"; "The right reader of a good poem can tell the moment it strikes him that he has taken an immortal wound--that he will never get over it"--Robert Frost
4 the act of inflicting a wound [syn: wounding]

Verb

1 cause injuries or bodily harm to [syn: injure]
2 hurt the feelings of; "She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests"; "This remark really bruised me ego" [syn: hurt, injure, bruise, offend, spite]
wound See wind

Moby Thesaurus

abrade, abrasion, abscess, abuse, ache, aching, afflict, affront, aggrieve, agonize, ail, anguish, aposteme, barb the dart, bark, bed sore, befoul, bewitch, bite, blain, bleb, blemish, blight, blister, bloody, blow, boil, break, bruise, bubo, bulla, bunion, burn, canker, canker sore, carbuncle, chafe, chancre, chancroid, check, chilblain, chip, claw, cold sore, concussion, condemn, convulse, corrupt, crack, crackle, cramp, craze, crucify, curse, cut, cut up, damage, defile, deprave, despoil, destroy, disadvantage, disserve, distress, do a mischief, do evil, do ill, do wrong, do wrong by, dolor, doom, envenom, eschar, excruciate, felon, fester, festering, fever blister, fistula, flash burn, fracture, fray, frazzle, fret, furuncle, furunculus, gall, gash, gathering, get into trouble, give offense, give pain, give umbrage, gnaw, grate, grief, grieve, grind, gripe, gumboil, harass, harm, harrow, hemorrhoids, hex, hurt, hurt the feelings, impair, incise, incision, infect, inflame, inflict pain, injure, injury, irritate, jinx, kibe, kill by inches, lacerate, laceration, lesion, maim, make mincemeat of, maltreat, martyr, martyrize, maul, menace, mistreat, molest, mortal wound, mutilate, mutilation, nasty blow, nip, offend, outrage, pain, pang, papula, papule, paronychia, parulis, passion, persecute, petechia, pierce, piles, pimple, pinch, play havoc with, play hob with, pock, poison, pollute, polyp, prejudice, prick, prolong the agony, puncture, pustule, put to torture, rack, rankle, rasp, rend, rent, rip, rising, rub, run, rupture, savage, scab, scald, scathe, scorch, scotch, scrape, scratch, scuff, second-degree burn, shock, skin, slash, slit, soft chancre, sore, sore spot, spasm, sprain, stab, stab wound, stick, stigma, sting, strain, stress, stress of life, stroke, sty, suffering, suppuration, swelling, taint, tear, tender spot, third-degree burn, threaten, throes, torment, torture, trauma, traumatize, tubercle, tweak, twist, twist the knife, ulcer, ulceration, violate, wale, welt, wheal, whelk, whitlow, wounds immedicable, wreak havoc on, wrench, wring, wrong

English

Etymology 1

wund noun, wundian verb.

Pronunciation

  • RP & US: , /wuːnd/, /wu:nd/

Noun

  1. An injury, such as a cut or tear, to a (usually external) part of the body.
    • 1883: Robert Louis Stevenson, Treasure Island
      I went below, and did what I could for my wound; it pained me a good deal, and still bled freely; but it was neither deep nor dangerous, nor did it greatly gall me when I used my arm.
  2. A hurt to a person's feelings.
    It took a long time to get over the wound of that insult.
  3. (criminal law) An injury to a person by which the skin is divided or its continuity broken.

Synonyms

Translations

injury
something that offends a person’s feelings
an injury to a person by which the skin is divided

Verb

  1. To hurt or injure (someone) by cutting, piercing, or tearing the skin.
    The police officer was wounded during the fight that ensued.
  2. To hurt (a person's feelings).
    The actor's pride was wounded when the leading role went to his rival.

Synonyms

Translations

hurt or injure
hurt (someone's feelings)
Translations to be checked

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

  • RP & US: /waʊnd/, /waUnd/

Verb

wound
  1. past of wind
redir Wounds In medicine, a wound is a type of injury in which in the skin is torn, cut or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound). In pathology, it specifically refers to a sharp injury which damages the dermis of the skin.

Types of wounds

Open

Open wounds can be classified according to the object that caused the wound. The types of open wound are:
  • Incisions or incised wounds, caused by a clean, sharp-edged object such as a knife, a razor or a glass splinter. Incisions which involve only the epidermis are legally classified as cuts, rather than wounds.
  • Lacerations, irregular wounds caused by a blunt impact to soft tissue that lies over hard tissue (e.g. laceration of the skin covering the skull) or tearing of skin and other tissues such as caused by childbirth. Lacerations may show bridging, as connective tissue or blood vessels are flattened against the underlying hard surface. The term laceration is commonly misused in reference to injury with sharp objects, which would not display bridging (connective tissue and blood vessels are severed).
  • Abrasions (grazes), superficial wounds in which the topmost layer of the skin (the epidermis) is scraped off. Abrasions are often caused by a sliding fall onto a rough surface.
  • Puncture wounds, caused by an object puncturing the skin, such as a nail or needle.
  • Penetration wounds, caused by an object such as a knife entering the body.
  • Gunshot wounds, caused by a bullet or similar projectile driving into or through the body. There may be two wounds, one at the site of entry and one at the site of exit, such is generally known as a through-and-through.
In a medical context, stab wounds and gunshot wounds are considered major wounds.

Closed

Closed wounds have fewer categories, but are just as dangerous as open wounds. The types of closed wounds are:
  • Contusions, more commonly known as bruises, caused by blunt force trauma that damages tissue under the skin.
  • Hematomas, also called blood tumors, caused by damage to a blood vessel that in turn causes blood to collect under the skin.
  • Crushing injuries, caused by a great or extreme amount of force applied over a long period of time.

Healing

To heal a wound, the body undertakes a series of actions collectively known as the wound healing process.

Infection

Bacterial infection of wound can impede the healing process and lead to life threatening complications. Scientists at Sheffield University have identified a way of using light to rapidly detect the presence of bacteria. They are developing a portable kit in which specially designed molecules emit a light signal when bound to bacteria. Current laboratory-based detection of bacteria can take hours or even days.

Cultural history

From the Classical Period to the Medieval Period, the body and the soul were believed to be intimately connected, based on several theories put forth by the philosopher Plato. Wounds on the body were believed to correlate with wounds to the soul and vice versa; wounds were seen as an outward sign of an inward illness. Thus, a man who was wounded physically in a serious way was said to be hindered not only physically but spiritually as well. If the soul was wounded, that wound may also eventually become physically manifest, revealing the true state of the soul. Wounds were also seen as writing on the "tablet" of the body. Wounds gotten in war, for example, told the story of a soldier in a form which all could see and understand, and the wounds of a martyr told the story of their faith.

References

External links

wound in Czech: Rána
wound in German: Wunde
wound in Spanish: Herida
wound in Finnish: Haava
wound in French: Plaie
wound in Italian: Ferita
wound in Japanese: 創傷
wound in Lithuanian: Žaizda
wound in Polish: Rana
wound in Portuguese: Ferida
wound in Thai: บาดแผล
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